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Chronic subcutaneous infusion of neurosecretory protein GM increases body mass gain in chicks.

Gen Comp Endocrinol. 2018 09 01;265:71-76

Authors: Shikano K, Taniuchi S, Iwakoshi-Ukena E, Furumitsu M, Bentley GE, Kriegsfeld LJ, Ukena K

Recently we discovered a small hypothalamic protein in the chicken, named neurosecretory protein GL (NPGL), which is associated with body growth and energy metabolism in birds and rodents. Genome database analysis suggested that the NPGL gene has a paralogous gene in vertebrates, named neurosecretory protein GM (NPGM). However, the biological action of NPGM remains unclear. In this study, we investigated whether NPGM affects body growth in chicks. We found that subcutaneous infusion of NPGM for six days increased body mass gain in a dose-dependent manner. Despite the observed increase in body mass, infusion of NPGM did not alter food and water intake. Of note, we observed tendency of mass increase of several peripheral tissues, specifically. When we compared several tissue types, NPGM seemed to induce the largest growth increase in white adipose tissue mass. These results suggest that NPGM may accelerate fat accumulation and body growth. In addition, we analyzed whether NPGM increases body growth through the action of pituitary hormones. However, we observed no significant changes in mRNA expression of pituitary hormones or plasma levels of growth hormone in NPGM-treated chicks. This is the first report describing the biological action of NPGM in vertebrates.

PMID: 29155267 [PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]