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Decompression-Driven Superconductivity Enhancement in In2 Se3.

Adv Mater. 2017 Jul 10;:

Authors: Ke F, Dong H, Chen Y, Zhang J, Liu C, Zhang J, Gan Y, Han Y, Chen Z, Gao C, Wen J, Yang W, Chen XJ, Struzhkin VV, Mao HK, Chen B

Abstract
An unexpected superconductivity enhancement is reported in decompressed In2 Se3 . The onset of superconductivity in In2 Se3 occurs at 41.3 GPa with a critical temperature (Tc ) of 3.7 K, peaking at 47.1 GPa. The striking observation shows that this layered chalcogenide remains superconducting in decompression down to 10.7 GPa. More surprisingly, the highest Tc that occurs at lower decompression pressures is 8.2 K, a twofold increase in the same crystal structure as in compression. It is found that the evolution of Tc is driven by the pressure-induced R-3m to I-43d structural transition and significant softening of phonons and gentle variation of carrier concentration combined in the pressure quench. The novel decompression-induced superconductivity enhancement implies that it is possible to maintain pressure-induced superconductivity at lower or even ambient pressures with better superconducting performance.

PMID: 28692745 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]