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Histone demethylase LSD1 regulates hematopoietic stem cells homeostasis and protects from death by endotoxic shock.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 Dec 20;:

Authors: Wang J, Saijo K, Skola D, Jin C, Ma Q, Merkurjev D, Glass CK, Rosenfeld MG

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) maintain a quiescent state during homeostasis, but with acute infection, they exit the quiescent state to increase the output of immune cells, the so-called “emergency hematopoiesis.” However, HSCs’ response to severe infection during septic shock and the pathological impact remain poorly elucidated. Here, we report that the histone demethylase KDM1A/LSD1, serving as a critical regulator of mammalian hematopoiesis, is a negative regulator of the response to inflammation in HSCs during endotoxic shock typically observed during acute bacterial or viral infection. Inflammation-induced LSD1 deficiency results in an acute expansion of a pathological population of hyperproliferative and hyperinflammatory myeloid progenitors, resulting in a septic shock phenotype and acute death. Unexpectedly, in vivo administration of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to wild-type mice results in acute suppression of LSD1 in HSCs with a septic shock phenotype that resembles that observed following induced deletion of LSD1 The suppression of LSD1 in HSCs is caused, at least in large part, by a cohort of inflammation-induced microRNAs. Significantly, reconstitution of mice with bone marrow progenitor cells expressing inhibitors of these inflammation-induced microRNAs blocked the suppression of LSD1 in vivo following acute LPS administration and prevented mortality from endotoxic shock. Our results indicate that LSD1 activators or miRNA antagonists could serve as a therapeutic approach for life-threatening septic shock characterized by dysfunction of HSCs.

PMID: 29263096 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]