Is There Evidence for a Rostral-Caudal Gradient in Fronto-Striatal Loops and What Role Does Dopamine Play?
Related Articles Is There Evidence for a Rostral-Caudal Gradient in Fronto-Striatal Loops and What Role Does Dopamine Play? Front Neurosci. 2018;12:242 Authors: Vogelsang DA, D’Esposito M Abstract Research has shown that the lateral prefrontal cortex (LPFC) may be hierarchically organized along a rostral-caudal functional gradient such that control processing becomes progressively more abstract from caudal […]
Related Articles Neurosecretory protein GL stimulates food intake, de novo lipogenesis, and onset of obesity. Elife. 2017 Aug 11;6: Authors: Iwakoshi-Ukena E, Shikano K, Kondo K, Taniuchi S, Furumitsu M, Ochi Y, Sasaki T, Okamoto S, Bentley GE, Kriegsfeld LJ, Minokoshi Y, Ukena K Abstract Mechanisms underlying the central regulation of food intake and fat […]
Related Articles Nanoparticle-Mediated Delivery towards Advancing Plant Genetic Engineering. Trends Biotechnol. 2018 Apr 24;: Authors: Cunningham FJ, Goh NS, Demirer GS, Matos JL, Landry MP Abstract Genetic engineering of plants has enhanced crop productivity in the face of climate change and a growing global population by conferring desirable genetic traits to agricultural crops. Efficient genetic […]
Neuronal Encoding in Prefrontal Cortex during Hierarchical Reinforcement Learning. J Cogn Neurosci. 2018 Apr 25;:1-12 Authors: Chiang FK, Wallis JD Abstract Reinforcement learning models have proven highly effective for understanding learning in both artificial and biological systems. However, these models have difficulty in scaling up to the complexity of real-life environments. One solution is to […]
Related Articles Subthreshold amyloid predicts tau deposition in aging. J Neurosci. 2018 Apr 23;: Authors: Leal SL, Lockhart SN, Maass A, Bell RK, Jagust WJ Abstract Current approaches to the early detection of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) rely upon classifying individuals as “positive” or “negative” for biomarkers related to the core pathology of beta-amyloid (Aβ). However, […]
Related Articles Spatiotemporal encoding of search strategies by prefrontal neurons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018 Apr 23;: Authors: Chiang FK, Wallis JD Abstract Working memory is capacity-limited. In everyday life we rarely notice this limitation, in part because we develop behavioral strategies that help mitigate the capacity limitation. How behavioral strategies are […]
Related Articles RFamide-related peptide-3 (RFRP-3) suppresses sexual maturation in a eusocial mammal. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 01 31;114(5):1207-1212 Authors: Peragine DE, Pokarowski M, Mendoza-Viveros L, Swift-Gallant A, Cheng HM, Bentley GE, Holmes MM Abstract Neuroendocrine mechanisms underlying social inhibition of puberty are not well understood. Here, we use a model exhibiting […]
Dual optical control and mechanistic insights into photoswitchable group II and III metabotropic glutamate receptors.
Related Articles Dual optical control and mechanistic insights into photoswitchable group II and III metabotropic glutamate receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017 04 25;114(17):E3546-E3554 Authors: Levitz J, Broichhagen J, Leippe P, Konrad D, Trauner D, Isacoff EY Abstract G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling occurs in complex spatiotemporal patterns that are difficult to […]
Does One Year of Schooling Improve Children’s Cognitive Control and Alter Associated Brain Activation?
Related Articles Does One Year of Schooling Improve Children’s Cognitive Control and Alter Associated Brain Activation? Psychol Sci. 2017 Jul;28(7):967-978 Authors: Brod G, Bunge SA, Shing YL Abstract The “5-to-7-year shift” refers to the remarkable improvements observed in children’s cognitive abilities during this age range, particularly in their ability to exert control over their attention […]